The Diminishing ties Between USA and RUSSIA.
The whole issue of Ukraine has ruptured the ties between US and Russia. It all started because of NATO expansion. National Atlantic organisation (NATO) also called as the north Atlantic alliance is an intergovernmental military alliance between 27 European countries, 2 North American countries and 1 Eurasian country. NATO was formed in 1949 and since its inception members of the alliance have increased to 30.
On 21st February 2019, the constitution of Ukraine was amended, the norms on the strategic course of Ukraine for membership in the European union and NATO are enshrined in the preamble of the basic law, three article and transitional provisions and in June 2021 at Brussels Summit NATO leaders reiterated the decision taken at the 2008 Bucharest Summit that Ukraine a member of the alliance with the Membership Action Plan (MAP) and Ukraine will have right to determine its own future and foreign policy without outside interference. These developments in Ukraine legislation interpreted the possibility of Ukraine becoming a member of NATO.
Russia being threatened by the expansion of NATO eastern wards published a Draft Security Agreement on 17th December. This agreement consisted MOSCOWs Desired guarantees from US and NATO members. It was an agreement on measures to ensure the security of Russian Federation and member states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisations (NATO).
Demands stated by Russia in the Security agreement are:
Once the agreement was published by Russia in response to the security draft NATO and US rejected the draft and said every country has the sovereign right to chose its own path and NATO’s “open door” policy will not be banned. After this event Russia demanded written response from US in a week and US submitted its written response and it ruled out NOTAs open door policy and held that it would continue to offer training and weapons to Ukraine.
Aggrieved by the response of US, Russia took military action of surrounding Ukraine by Russian forces on three sides. Russia currently has 1,00,000 troops on the Ukraine border and this led to a tensed environment around the border of Ukraine. NATO invited MOSCOW for talks to calm the situation in Ukraine border but Moscow demanded a guarantee in the form of agreement that the NATO alliance will not expand further towards its territory and demanded a written response in this regard.
Many diplomatic attempts was made between NATO, US and Russia to settle the situation in Ukraine border. Russia president said “The US and NATO responses did not take into account Russia’s fundamental concerns, including preventing NATO expansion and refusing to deploy strike weapon system near Russia’s borders”. United States intelligence informed that Russia is planning to invade Ukraine but Russia rejected the allegation and said it’s a mysterious campaign and held that the troops are in Russia border for defence purpose due to escalated NATO military activities in Ukraine border and declared that it has no intention to invade Ukraine.
The United States has issued caution to Russia that if Russia invades Ukraine, it will issue sanctions against Russia which could crush Russia’s economy. Russia in response to the threats of US said such a move will be a serious damage to diplomatic efforts to ease tensions over Ukraine. At present US Senate is close to a deal on bill to sanction Russia.
To conclude Russia wants US and NATO to sign the draft security agreement and to fulfil its demands but as said every country has sovereign power to choose its own path by signing this agreement it deprives that sovereign power of Ukraine hence, they don’t want to sign the agreement. Meanwhile diplomats of both the countries are trying to find the middle ground and settle the matter. It is essential to solve this international dispute as it may lead to war which may affect many neighbouring countries. As explained above, the situation is diminishing and rupturing ties between US and Russia but as there is still diplomatic talks happening between the countries, we can hope for an agreement which may strengthen the ties between US and Russia and solve their dispute over Ukraine.