Justices RF Nariman, BR Gavai and Hrishikesh Roy held that 2019 amandment pf insolvency and bankruptcy code has retrospective operation. Therefore it will effective from the date on which I&B Code has come into effect.
Sec 31 talks about resolve plan which read as follows:
"If Adjudicating Authority is fulfilled that the goal plan as endorsed by committee of creditors under sub-section (4) of area 30 meets he necessities as alluded to in sub-section (2) of section 30, it will by order affirm the goal plan which will be binding on the corporate debtors and its workers, individuals, leasers, underwriters and different partners associated with the goal plan".
The 2019 alteration added the accompanying words in Section 31(1) of the I&B Code after the words creditors. "counting the Central or any State government or any local authority to whom an obligation in regard of the installment of contribution emerging under any law for the time being in power".
The court was arranging a group of claims which raised the accompanying issues.
- Whether any leaser including the Central Government, State Government or any local authority is limited by the Resolution Plan whenever it is endorsed / by an arbitrating authority under subsection (1) of Section 31 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016? The Court answered that once resolve plan is approved it will be binding on corporate debtors its workers, individuals, lenders, including the Central Government, any State Government or any nearby position, underwriters and different partners.
- Concerning whether the alteration to Section 31 by Section 7 of Act 26 of 2019 is clarificatory/revelatory or meaningful in nature? In this regard Court said that is clarificatory and revelatory in nature and in this manner will be successful from the date on which I&B Code has become effective.
- Regarding whether after endorsement of goal plan by the Adjudicating Authority a creditors including the Central or State Government or any local authority is qualified for start any procedures for recuperation of any of the levy from the Corporate Debtor, which are not a part of the Resolution Plan affirmed by the adjucdicating authority? Court said central or any State Government or any local authority, if not part of the goal plan, will stand doused and no procedures in regard of such duty for the time frame before the date on which the Adjudicating Authority gives its endorsement under Section 31 could be proceeded.
Bench said ,Concerning retrospectivity of Section 31, word "different stakeholders" would unequivocally cover the Central Government, any State government or local position.