On Tuesday, China and Solomon Islands signed a framework agreement on military cooperation first of its kind operation that could enclose the way for afore Chinese military deals abroad. Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin propounded that- ‘on approval by the governments of China and Solomon, State councillor and foreign minister wang Yi and minister of foreign affairs and external trade Jeremiah, on behalf of the governments signed the inter-governmental agreement on a military pact between two countries. The agreement was for enhancing social stability and long-term tranquillity in the Solomon Islands. China-Solomon Islands military pact does not earmark any third country, serving the common interests of the pacific region. The two sides will take the lead of cooperation in such areas as maintenance of social order, protection of the safety of people’s lives and property, humanitarian assistance and natural disaster response, in an endeavour for helping Solomon Island potentialize capacity building in safeguarding its security. During concern from Australia, New Zealand and the U.S., the Solomon Islands stated – ‘there was no agreement for a Chinese military base. Nevertheless, on the account of China putting into using its first abroad military base in Djibouti near the Horn of Africa in 2017, which went against its long-standing policy of not opening foreign bases, Military experts of China have spoken of the need for further facilities to project power including service for China’s fast-expanding navy. There is much remaining to clear that how the new agreement will support the islands or whether the Chinese military forces will be deployed.’ Australian foreign minister and the pacific minister said- the deal was very disappointing and concerned about the lack of limpidity with which this agreement has been evolved, nothing it's probable to abrade stability in our region. They further propounded that- We usually stated view together with the perspective of Australia’s national interests, leftover that the pacific family is the best place to meet the security needs of the region. Australian labour opposition expresses it as the worst failure of Australian foreign policy in the Pacific in 80 years. New Zealand’s foreign minister similarly said that- the country was Saddened that the Solomon Islands had entered into the security pact.
Australian Chair, Charles Edel and a senior advisor at the centre for strategic and International studies explained the deal in more ultra and expandable terms. He said that- “The message for the remaining world is that China is looking to restore the balance of Global order in its behaviour. And whether that means inaugurating trade routes, establishing military facilities or signing a security agreement, Beijing will act to benefit its self-interests, to the spoilage of democracy and an open and free world”
U.S. raised concern on Monday over a draft China-Solomon Islands concurrence, with US state department Spokesperson indicating to- the wide nature of the security agreement which may empower China to deploy its security force in the country. According to them the agreement may bustle up instability in the Solomon Islands and Set a concerning precedent for the spacious pacific island region. The US department also announced that after this week two high-rank US officials, Kurt Campbell and Daniel Kritenbrink, will move to the Solomon Islands to grant Washington’s concerns over China’s rising activity and similar concerns expressed by the US allies in the south pacific.
On Wednesday, Taiwan’s ministry of foreign affairs propounded that the Solomon Islands should not let themselves be treated as a puppet after it signs the military pact with China. The security pact has caused fear that China will use the archipelago, which lies 2,000 kilometres from Australia. It is sensible to point out that the Islands are a key World War II battlefront that it recognized China only in 2019 after switching from ties with Taiwan.
The Solomon Islands interchanged Diplomatic recognition from Taiwan to China in 2019, which China considers a scattered province. Since then, China has been boosting economic ties including the Solomon’s in its signature belt and Road infrastructure and promising to construct a multi-million-dollar stadium in the country ahead of the pacific games next year. Direct investment has also been cast down. Chinese Businesses dominate nearly every area of the Solomon Islands government. Last November, protesters demanded sogavare step down the decision of 2019 to end ties with Taipei. The protests intensify, resulting in brutality that saw several Chinese-owned businesses burned down. On fear, Sogavare propounded that agreement is necessary to cover critical gaps and improve the potentiality of the authorities to deal with the future instability. More than 140 countries have signed on to Beijing’s Belt and Road enterprise, in which China lends a heavy amount of money to countries for roads, dams, railways, ports, and sports facilities for their assisting them. In a poll late last year, More than 90% of Solomon Islanders propounded that they wanted their country to work closely with liberal democratic countries instead of china and 80% said that they do not desire their country to receive financial assistance from China.
PM of America blames china, saying the agreement showed how many nations were vulnerable to the Chinese invasion. American officials tried to stave off scolding the Sogavare government. Mr Sogavare has shown little interest in listening to Australia, the US or other Pacific Islands nations that express their concerns. After the announcement of the execution of the security pact, he said that – “I ask our entire neighbours, friends, partners to respect the sovereign interests of Solomon Islands. The opponents of Sogavare express that His critics are now worried that challenging him with no-confidence votes could result in more protests. The threat of Chinese interference is already subverting the country’s democracy.