The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been asked by the National Green Tribunal on Thursday to submit an action taking report against manufacturer and e-commerce websites who use excessive plastic packaging material.. In two original applications, the order was passed seeking enforcement of Extended Producer Responsibility under the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 vis-à-vis the following Respondent-companies PepsiCo India, Amazon, Flipkart, Coca-Cola India, Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages, Bisleri International, Parle Agro, Patanjali Peya, Nourish CoBeverages Ltd.(Himalayan Water) and Indian Railway Catering & Tourism.
The Member Secretary, CPCB has been summoned on 14th October 2020, by the Bench of Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel(Chairperson), Justice SP Wangdi (Judicial Member), and Dr. Nagin Nanda(Expert Member). This is done via video conferencing.
Tribunal noted that the Board did not mention any coercive measures adopted by them under the Polluter Pays Principle to prevent companies from generating excessive waste, so the above order was passed. By way of the affidavit, the Board had submitted one or other reasons for not enforcing the law.
The Tribunal has asked to take an environmental audit to the Board of these companies, to assess and recover compensation from them for violation of environmental norms. It's not the first time for the National Green Tribunal to call for proper implementation of the Extended Producer's Responsibility. Earlier in 2019, the Central Pollution Control Board was asked to submit report an action plan for enforcement of E-Waste Management Rules,2016. The Principal Bench passed the order while considering a plea for remedial action against the unscientific disposal of e-waste which resulted in contamination of groundwater and soil acidification.
Extended Producer's Responsibility was incorporated in the India legislative framework under the Plastic Waste Management Rules,2016, and the E-Waste Management Rules 2016. It gives a responsibility to the producers or brand owners to ensure environmentally sound management of the product, until the end of its life.